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Keep children and youth sun safe now to help give them a healthy future.

4 min read
sun safe girls on swings

The thought of skin cancer for our children may seem remote and not a priority at first. Skin cancer
symptoms are so delayed that you don’t see it develop until 15-20 years later. However, skin cancer is
the most common form of cancer. And the rates are rising. That raises a flag to all parents and guardians
of how important it is to educate to prevent so that sun-protective behaviour becomes a natural and
effective routine for the young. 


British Columbia has the highest rates of skin cancer in Canada, and one in every five individuals in the
province will acquire skin cancer during their lifetime. With this alarming fact, sun exposure risk for
parents when taking children to enjoy time outdoors must also be taken into account. Oftentimes,
parents are so busy caring for the little ones that they might forget to care for themselves.

Risk of Skin Cancer from the Sun

Since 1960, a three to eight percent yearly increase in skin cancers has been reported, despite skin
cancer prevention campaigns emphasizing education on sun protection factor (SPF) of sunscreens,
ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of protective clothing, and ultraviolet (UV) index values.


More than 90 percent of skin cancers are due to excessive ultraviolet exposure from either sunlight or
artificial tanning devices. This problem may worsen with climate change and the shifts we have seen in
the past with the ozone layer. Despite the adequate understanding of the harmful effects of ultraviolet
radiation, sun-protective behaviours are practiced infrequently, particularly amongst youth, as per a
study with 1220 youth in 50 classrooms in Canada. 

Studies have shown that much sunlight exposure happens during childhood and adolescence. Children’s
skin is also more prone to the harmful effects of sun exposure, causing significant damage that increases
the risk of skin cancer. One blistering sunburn during childhood doubles the possibility of melanoma (the
most severe form of skin cancer). Given this data, children and teenagers should prioritize skin cancer

The good news is that skin cancer is one of the most preventable forms of cancer. Simple steps can
reduce the chance of sunburn and the development of skin cancer.

Simple sun safe tips:

  • Avoid sun exposure during peak hours, which is usually between 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., and when the UV index is higher than 3.
  • Seek a good shade structure that protects your skin.
  • Wear protective clothing, which includes a broad-rimmed cap and clothing that protects as much skin as possible.
  • Wear sunglasses labeled UV 400.
  • Apply sunscreen that is broad-spectrum (protecting against both ultraviolet A and B forms of
  • light), and with an SPF higher than 30.

Ultimately, we want children to be active and spend outdoors. However, educating children and youth
about sun safety practices can significantly reduce the chance of dealing with cancer when adults. Let’s
keep children and youth sun safe now to help give them a healthy future.

Learn more at vch.ca

Dr. Sunil Kalia is a physician at the Skin Care Centre, Vancouver General Hospital, including the Photomedicine Institute, and an investigator with the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute.

Updated June 20, 2024

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