We’ve all seen the happy child who leans into life, smiling all the way, seemingly without a care in the world. How does this happen? Are they born this way, or can we teach kids ways to optimize their emotional well being?
Indeed, some children are born happier. Temperament, driven partially by genetic makeup, can make for an easygoing child. However, genetics account for only 20 – 60% of the child’s temperament (source). This is good news, because it means good parents can influence their children’s happiness for the better.
There are countless articles about how to raise a happy child, but I’ve boiled it down to just those practices that are proven to drive long-term happiness.
To raise a happy child, work from the inside out.
Focus on gut health (link to Can Diet Really Affect Your Child’s Behaviour?)
Scientists have shown that
“…A balanced diet, including fish, vegetables, cereals, fruits, and water can help our gut bacteria to be healthy. Healthy gut bacteria will have a positive effect on the brain and our moods. ‘Happy gut bacteria’ will help us to have ‘happy brains’…” (source)
Make sure they get enough sleep (link to internal article about sleep)
It’s nearly impossible to have a happy child who’s also an exhausted child.
“…sleep might just be the key to our happiness and peak performance. Nothing could be more true for children. Kids need a lot of sleep to be happy. Unfortunately, studies show that kids are getting significantly less sleep per night than they did in previous generations. This is of no small consequence.” (source)
There’s plenty of scientifically backed research about the effects of lack of sleep: children learn less, they feel worse, and they — no surprise here — behave worse when they’re tired.
Most children need:
- 1 – 3 years old: 12 – 14 hours per day
- 4 -6 years old: 10 – 12 hours per day
- 7 – 12 years old: 10 – 11 hours per day
- 12 – 18 years old: 8 – 9 hours per day (source)
Help them feel loved on their terms
Do you know your child’s love language?
Of course, we matter, too, and it’s not all about the kids. The key is to help our kids feel “seen” in their own unique ways.
Child loves painting? Paint with them. Reading? Read with them. Do their thing alongside them, even for 10 minutes.
In other words, slowing down to see what our child loves is wonderfully connecting in parenting. Feeling “seen” is one of the “4 Ss” of secure attachment.
We can learn how to have a connection-based relationship with our child not only through parenting books like Peaceful Discipline, but also through practicing conscious parenting on a regular basis.
Have a gratitude practice
One thing I love about daily lessons in gratitude is that neither parents nor children need to invest much time in them for them to be highly effective. Happiness studies repeatedly show that children and adults who practice gratitude are happier:
“…Studies have found that giving thanks and counting blessings can help people sleep better, lower stress and improve interpersonal relationships…a study found that keeping a gratitude journal decreased materialism and bolstered generosity among adolescents…” (source)
Besides having a gratitude journal for older children, there are other activities you can start with children at an early age to help raise happier kids.
One simple activity is every night at dinner, each family member shares three things for which they’re thankful. It’s quick and easy, and it helps keep gratitude top of mind.
Allow plenty of time for play — and then even more time for play
Play naturally lowers children’s stress levels and promotes joy. Plus, spending time playing is essential for their development.
“…it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth…Play is so important to optimal child development that it has been recognized by the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights as a right of every child..” (source)
Lest parents think nothing “productive” comes from playtime, countless articles from the fields of neuroscience and child development prove otherwise:
“…75 percent of the brain develops after a baby is born, in the years between birth and the early 20s. Childhood play stimulates the brain to make connections between nerve cells. This is what helps a child develop both gross motor skills (walking, running, jumping, coordination) and fine motor skills (writing, manipulating small tools, detailed hand work). Play during the teen years and into adulthood helps the brain develop even more connectivity, especially in the frontal lobe which is the center for planning and making good decisions…” (source)
Children literally need a tremendous amount of play for key features of their brains to grow properly. These are the very key features that support the “productivity” and good decision-making skills we want them to embody as they grow older. Further, it’s great for their emerging social skills, which contributes to better relationships down the road.
Free, unstructured play is never a waste of time. It’s one of the easy-to-understand lessons that requires exactly zero prep or planning on the adult’s part; children are naturally born to play. Likewise, child-led learning through play also offers a host of benefits.
Children will need play as they grow into adulthood, as well. Cutting-edge research proves that adults need their own versions of play to reduce stress levels, improve brain function, boost activity levels, and improve relationships (source).
To raise a happy child, also work from the outside in.
How else can we raise a happy child? Kids develop life changing “happiness habits” through daily lessons in connecting with others.
Prioritize good friendships — and even stronger family relationships
Groundbreaking research shows that happy children have good friends who are a positive influence on their health and well being.
…”Social relationships have been widely recognized as protective factors for psychological well-being and physical health…” (source: Human Improvement Project)
Even more critical than friendships, however, is a loving and nurturing family life. Having a close family life is linked to better relationships for the child throughout their entire lifespan.
View behavior problems as opportunities to connect. Be a peaceful parent (here’s help with that).
Happy kids know what a joyful life looks like because they’ve witnessed it firsthand. A happy child often has happy parents.
So, if we want to raise happy kids, that means we need to be happy, too. To be clear, this isn’t to say we should “fake it” if we’re unhappy.
What it may mean, however, is that if we’re unhappy, we may need to do something about it. What would bring you more joy? Could you
- Start exercising more? (We release endorphins when we exercise.)
- Sing, hum, or dance more often? (We stimulate the vagus nerve when we do these things, which creates feelings of safety.)
- Hug, kiss, or be otherwise affectionate with your family members? (This releases oxytocin, the “love hormone.”)
- Get professional support? (There’s no shame in therapy.)
- Spend time in nature? (It’s proven to lower blood pressure.)
Many parents feel they’re unable, or sometimes unwilling, to take steps to be happier. If not for you, then, would you consider doing these things for your kids?
Your children’s happiness may depend on watching you model taking care of yourself. It’s precisely how they learn that they’re worthy of taking care of themselves when they get older.
Get a pet
Did you know that pets promote long-term happiness and greater self-esteem?
“…evidence for an association between pet ownership and a wide range of emotional health benefits from childhood pet ownership; particularly for self-esteem and loneliness…” (source)
Dogs, especially, are linked to making kids happier (source).
Additionally, having a pet can even decrease a child’s likelihood of future substance abuse.
“…Pets can positively influence mental health and…well-being…They may even help prevent the development of addiction in the first place…” (source)
An overly busy schedule and happiness cannot co-exist.
Parenting experts such as Kim John Payne (interviewed here) have spoken time and time again about how precious time is. Filling this precious time with too many activities simply diminishes the joy of everyday living.
Whenever possible, eat dinner together at the family dinner table, with screens off. Talk and connect more. Play more. Simply BE more, without rushing to the Next Important Thing. Childhood IS the “next important thing.”
If you want to make a child happy, give the child practice making others happy. Scientifically backed research proves this:
“…Acts of kindness have the potential to make the world a happier place. An act of kindness can improve feelings of confidence, being in control, happiness and optimism. It may also encourage others to repeat the good deed that they’ve experienced themselves – contributing to a more positive community…” (source)
Happiness is absolutely contagious and this strategy can be implemented immediately, even amidst a busy schedule. Even small acts count as science-based ways to increase joy.
What doesn’t create a happy child?
Raising happy kids is relatively easy when we do these things. However, there are some things we can do that put our child’s optimal well-being at risk. They include
- Punitive parenting (here’s why corporal punishment and other similar measures are especially damaging)
- Too much focus on academic and other achievements (source)
- Excessive screen time (source)
- Too many toys (source)
Daily lessons in connection and living peacefully together create the growth mindset and positive attitudes — and lasting happiness — that we want our kids to embody.
Other parenting resources for raising a happy child
Above and beyond the suggestions above, there are other science-based ways to raise a happy child.
- Did you know there actually IS an easy-to-use app called the Happy Child Parenting App? You can get it here. According to their website, “The Happy Child – Parenting App grants you access to cutting-edge research and tips that will help you raise a happy, well-adjusted child. Years of ground-breaking research and findings in Psychology, Neuroscience and Pediatrics have been curated into one easy-to-use app… for free (no in-app-purchases). – The Happy Child Parenting App
- There are lots of books specifically dedicated to helping you raise happy kids. Here is the reading list I love.
- Another great resource to consider is the Human Improvement Project. In their own words, the Human Improvement Project
“…funds and performs research with universities to determine which issues most impact well-being. Research has shown that just two issues, besides genetics, seem to account for most of our well-being. [They] also educate the public through completely free apps that are available in 15 languages. (source).
The bottom line on raising a happy child
If there’s one habit that — above all — summarizes how to raise a happy child, it’s simply the practice of being with them. Undistracted, fully present “beingness,” peacefully and in each other’s presence, is the greatest contributing factor in raising a well adjusted child.
This post was adapted from the original article, published here.
Sarah R. Moore is best-selling author of Peaceful Discipline: Story Teaching, Brain Science & Better Behavior and the founder of Dandelion Seeds Positive Parenting. She’s a public speaker, armchair neuroscientist, and most importantly, a Mama. She’s a lifelong learner with training in child development, trauma recovery, interpersonal neurobiology, and improv comedy. As a certified Master Trainer in conscious parenting, she helps bring JOY, EASE, and CONNECTION back to families around the globe.Follow her on Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, TikTok, Pinterest & Twitter.